Stock market trading hours vary across the globe. The U.S. stock market, including Wall Street’s New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) and Nasdaq, the world’s largest and second-largest stock exchanges, respectively, are open from 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. ET, Monday through Friday.
There are also pre-market and after hours trading sessions known as extended markets.
Trades taking place outside regular hours are made over electronic communications networks (ECNs), which allow buyers and sellers to connect directly rather via a middle person.
This type of trading was previously only accessible by large institutional buyers but brokers, including Fidelity and Charles Schwab, are able to operate this type of trading today.
Nasdaq advises: “For Nasdaq, pre-market trading hours are 4:00 am to 9:30 am, Eastern Time Zone. After hours runs from 4:00 pm to 8:00 pm, Eastern Time Zone. Certain brokers have different pre-market and after hours trading times (for example, TD Ameritrade limits pre-market trading between 8:00 am and 9:15 am).
“Some online brokers do allow you to trade during those hours; check with your broker to see if you’re eligible to make those kinds of trades. Know that Extended Markets carry risks. The volatility tends to be much higher, and there is less liquidity, meaning that fewer people are trading and that prices tend to move much more dramatically,” Nasdaq adds.
Stock markets are closed during the weekends as well as most federal holidays. NYSE and Nasdaq are both closed during the following holidays:
- New Year’s Day
- Martin Luther King Jr. Day
- Presidents’ Day
- Good Friday
- Memorial Day
- Independence Day
- Labor Day
- Thanksgiving Day
- Christmas Day
“Market half-day holidays may include July 3 or 5, the day after Thanksgiving and/or Christmas Eve, depending on how the calendar falls in a given year. In that case, Nasdaq will close at 1:00 pm Eastern Standard Time,” according to the Nasdaq website.
NYSE also notes: “Each market will close early at 1:00 p.m. (1:15 p.m. for eligible options) on Friday, November 26, 2021, Friday, November 25, 2022, and Friday, November 24, 2023 (the day after Thanksgiving).
“Each market will close early at 1:00 p.m. (1:15 p.m. for eligible options) on Monday, July 3, 2023,” NYSE advises on its website.
Trading hours for other major stock exchanges
- London Stock Exchange: 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. local time, Monday to Friday
- Tokyo Stock Exchange: 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. (lunch from 11: 30 a.m. to 12:30 p.m.) local time, Monday to Friday
- Hong Kong Stock Exchange: 9:30 a.m. to 4 p.m. (lunch from 12 p.m. to 1 p.m.) local time, Monday to Friday
- Shanghai Stock Exchange: 9.30 a.m. to 3 p.m. (lunch from 11:30 a.m. to 1 p.m.) local time, Monday to Friday
- Frankfurt Stock Exchange: 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. local time, Monday to Friday
- Euronext Amsterdam Stock Exchange: 9 a.m. to 5:40 p.m. local time, Monday to Friday